Central Park - 1857

The Creation of a Masterpiece (1857 - 2024)

The Creation of Central Park

Central Park History
Central Park was declared a national Historical Landmark in 1965 and a New York City Landmark in 1974. More than 37 million people visit the park each year, making Central Park the most famous public park in the world!
Central Park: The Creation
Shot of a rural Upper West Side with open land, wooden structures and the beginning of some taller apartment buildings. If you look closely, you can see the signs for “carpenter shop,” “window screwing” and a place called the “Park Summer Garden.” In the upper right, you can see the church of St. Paul the Apostle which was built between 1876 and 1884, now situated just next to Lincoln Center source: untappedcities.com

The Creation of a landscaping Masterpiece - Central Park History

The Creation of the first landscaped public park in the USA.

In 1858, landscape architects Calvert Vaux and Frederick Law Olmsted won a competition and granted to turn 843-acre swampy land into a world-class urban that we call Central Park.
Starting in 1853 the New York legislature settle upon 750 acres of rocky and swampy land (later expanded to 843 acres) for a public park that would replace the gridiron pattern of streets established by Manhattan’s 1811 master plan, Commission Plan of 1811 [1].
From 59th St to 106th St for the creation of the park at a cost of more than US$5million for the land alone and us$10milllion totally to build the whole park.

The Greensward Plan -1858

Photo. Seneca Village location and Central Park. Credit- Central Park NYC Org

Seneca Village

The biggest settlement in the north part of the was called Seneca Village, which in the 19th century was one of the principal black settlements in New York City and located at 82 to 89th Bet. 7th and 8th Avenues. At the time of its destruction in 1855, 264 residents were offered $2335 for their property.

seneca_village_photo credit -archdaily.com/993748/revealing-seneca-village

[1] - The Commissioners Plan of 1811 laid the foundation for the expansion of New York City during the 19th century. As the population grew, New York City needed an orderly way to expand infrastructure, housing, and transportation.

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